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Newsletters: @RISK


@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

December 8, 2016
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 16, Num. 49

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/at-risk =============================================================

CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-11-29 - 2016-12-06

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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Google Releases Monthly Security Bulletin for Android

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TRAINING UPDATE

--SANS Security East 2017 | January 9-14, 2017 | New Orleans, LA |
14 hands-on, intensive cyber security training courses for highly seasoned InfoSec professionals as well as those new to the field or transitioning from more general IT roles. Challenge your skills at the evening CORE NetWars Experience and network with your peers at the evening bonus sessions.
http://www.sans.org/u/lcj

--Cloud Security Summit & Training | San Francisco, CA | Jan 17-19, 2017 |
Two days of in-depth presentations addressing key challenges to security in the cloud. Following the summit, attend the new DEV534: Secure DevOps course.
http://www.sans.org/u/mGE

--SANS Las Vegas 2017 | January 23-30, 2017 | Las Vegas, NV |
Nine training courses in IT Security, Windows forensics, security management and ethical hacking. Plus multiple bonus evening talks.
http://www.sans.org/u/lqU

--Cyber Threat Intelligence Summit & Training | Arlington, VA | Jan 25-Feb 1, 2017 |
Two days of in-depth threat intelligence presentations, Six DFIR courses, two nights of DFIR NetWars, a Summit evening networking reception, and SANS@Night talks!
http://www.sans.org/u/mGu

--SANS Southern California - Anaheim 2017 | February 6-11, 2017 | Anaheim, CA |
Choose from eight proven, cutting-edge courses presented by SANS top-rated instructors and take advantage of multiple bonus evening talks.
http://www.sans.org/u/mao

--SANS Secure Japan 2017 | February 13-25, 2017 | Tokyo, Japan |
http://www.sans.org/u/lJi

--SANS Secure Singapore 2017 | March 13-25, 2017 | Singapore, Singapore |
http://www.sans.org/u/mFV

-- Can't travel? SANS offers LIVE online instruction. Day (Simulcast - http://www.sans.org/u/WK) and Evening (vLive - http://www.sans.org/u/WZ) courses available!

-- Multi-week Live SANS training
Mentor - http://www.sans.org/u/X9 Contact - mentor@sans.org

-- Looking for training in your own community?
Community - http://www.sans.org/u/Xo

-- SANS OnDemand lets you train anytime, anywhere with four months of online access to your course. Learn more: Plus Bangalore, Oslo, Tokyo, Munich, and San Diego all in the next 90 days.
For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live: http://www.sans.org/u/XN

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

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Title: Google Releases Monthly Security Bulletin for Android
Description: Google has released its monthly security bulletin for Android and Nexus devices. As with other Android and Nexus security bulletins Google has released, there are two patch levels that will be made available for manufacturers and consumers. In total, 75 vulnerabilities were patched with 11 being classified "critical", 44 classified "high", and 20 classified "moderate". All vulnerabilities classified "critical" are privilege escalation flaws that could allow an application to execute code with kernel-level privilege and force the user to reflash the operating system if a device becomes compromised. Nexus devices will have a security update available for download on December 5th. Other devices should receive an update from the manufacturer as long as the device is currently supported.
Reference: https://source.android.com/security/bulletin/2016-12-01.html
Snort SID: Detection pending release of vulnerability information

Title: "Backdoor" in Sony IPELA Engine IP Camera Fixed
Description: Researchers have identified what appears to be a "backdoor" in Sony IPELA Engine IP Cameras. This undocumented functionality was discovered via identifying a hardcoded password hash in the firmware and a mechanism to enable Telnet remotely via a specifically formatted HTTP request. While Sony has addressed the issue by releasing a firmware update, they have not commented on the nature of the undocumented functionality.
Reference: http://blog.sec-consult.com/2016/12/backdoor-in-sony-ipela-engine-ip-cameras.html

Title: Buffer Overflow Vulnerability Identified in BSD libc
Description: Researchers have identified a buffer overflow vulnerability in BSD libc. CVE-2016-6559 manifests due to "improper bounds checking of the obuf variable in the link_ntoa() function in linkaddr.c" and "may allow an attacker to read or write from memory". The impact of this vulnerability is not fully know as the "impact and severity depends on the method of exploit and how the library is used by applications." BSD libc has been updated to address this flaw. Note that this affects FreeBSD, OpenBSD, and Darwin (Apple macOS). Other distributions may be affected.
Reference: https://www.kb.cert.org/vuls/id/548487

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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

DailyMotion Compromised - User Account Information Stolen
http://blog.dailymotion.com/en/dailymotion-account-security-update/

Redacted Dataset from "Have I Been Pwned?" Available for Querying/Analysing
https://www.troyhunt.com/heres-1-4-billion-records-from-have-i-been-pwned-for-you-to-analyse/

Announcing OSS-Fuzz: Continuous Fuzzing for Open Source Software
https://security.googleblog.com/2016/12/announcing-oss-fuzz-continuous-fuzzing.html

Project FIRST - an framework that enables knowledge sharing about similar functions used across file types that IDA Pro can analyze
http://blog.talosintel.com/2016/12/project-first-share-knowledge-speed-up.html

One Bit To Rule A System: Analyzing CVE-2016-7255 Exploit In The Wild
http://blog.trendmicro.com/trendlabs-security-intelligence/one-bit-rule-system-analyzing-cve-2016-7255-exploit-wild

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2016-5195
Title: Linux Kernel "MAP_PRIVATE COW" Privilege Escalation Vulnerability
Vendor: Kernel.Org
Description: A race condition vulnerability has been identified in the Linux Kernel. The Linux Kernel's memory subsystem does not properly handle copy-on-write(COW) breakage of private read-only memory mappings. The vulnerability has been identified as "Dirty Cow."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 6.6 (AV:L/AC:M/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-0752
Title: Ruby on Rails Input Validation Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: rubyonrails.org
Description: Directory traversal vulnerability in Action View in Ruby on Rails before 3.2.22.1, 4.0.x and 4.1.x before 4.1.14.1, 4.2.x before 4.2.5.1, and 5.x before 5.0.0.beta1.1 allows remote attackers to read arbitrary files by leveraging an application's unrestricted use of the render method and providing a .. (dot dot) in a pathname.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N)

ID: CVE-2016-6366
Title: Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance SNMP Buffer Overflow Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Cisco
Description: Buffer overflow in Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software through 9.4.2.3 on ASA 5500, ASA 5500-X, ASA Services Module, ASA 1000V, ASAv, Firepower 9300 ASA Security Module, PIX, and FWSM devices allows remote authenticated users to execute arbitrary code via crafted IPv4 SNMP packets, aka Bug ID CSCva92151 or EXTRABACON.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 8.5 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-2866
Title: Grandsteam GXV3611_HD camera SQL injection Vulnerability
Vendor: Grandstream Networks
Description: SQL injection vulnerability on the Grandstream GXV3611_HD camera with firmware before 1.0.3.9 beta allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary SQL commands by attempting to establish a TELNET session with a crafted username.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)

ID: CVE-2016-1017
Title: Adobe Flash Player "AS2 LoadVars" Use-after-free Code Execution Vulnerability (APSA16-10)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Use-after-free vulnerability in the LoadVars.decode function in Adobe Flash Player before 18.0.0.343 and 19.x through 21.x before 21.0.0.213 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.616 on Linux allows attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE-2016-1011, CVE-2016-1013, CVE-2016-1016, and CVE-2016-1031.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-0189
Title: Microsoft Internet Explorer Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: The Microsoft (1) JScript 5.8 and (2) VBScript 5.7 and 5.8 engines, as used in Internet Explorer 9 through 11 and other products, allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (memory corruption) via a crafted web site, aka "Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability," a different vulnerability than CVE-2016-0187.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.6 (AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-1287
Title: Cisco ASA Software IKEv1 and IKEv2 Buffer Overflow Vulnerability
Vendor: Cisco
Description: Buffer overflow in the IKEv1 and IKEv2 implementations in Cisco ASA Software before 8.4(7.30), 8.7 before 8.7(1.18), 9.0 before 9.0(4.38), 9.1 before 9.1(7), 9.2 before 9.2(4.5), 9.3 before 9.3(3.7), 9.4 before 9.4(2.4), and 9.5 before 9.5(2.2) on ASA 5500 devices, ASA 5500-X devices, ASA Services Module for Cisco Catalyst 6500 and Cisco 7600 devices, ASA 1000V devices, Adaptive Security Virtual Appliance (aka ASAv), Firepower 9300 ASA Security Module, and ISA 3000 devices allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (device reload) via crafted UDP packets, aka Bug IDs CSCux29978 and CSCux42019.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-11-29 - 2016-12-06:
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: ae7327f36a659d01a85d4071a4570458ec03a05a6ce7d2f6d092fb46aff3e739
MD5: fa1f769475516b03881602d0824cae12
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/ae7327f36a659d01a85d4071a4570458ec03a05a6ce7d2f6d092fb46aff3e739/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: PrinterInstallerClientUpdater.exe
Claimed Product: PrinterLogic Client Updater
Detection Name: W32.AE7327F36A-95.SBX.TG

SHA 256: 85ef444e01322a215e5582cbae5122ac77de100a50d855021ef2d92edba3d846
MD5: 3096dfb2906ce5a6ebb9a252cfdca035
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/85ef444e01322a215e5582cbae5122ac77de100a50d855021ef2d92edba3d846/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: helperamc
Claimed Product: Advanced Mac Cleaner
Detection Name: OSX.Variant.19lw.1201

SHA 256: 44ef5f29e42fe79fc6f2f1839cc07030a08d0d73017de28f189951f38d6633c8
MD5: de06bfa779be03c9f173d7108a9367c3
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/44ef5f29e42fe79fc6f2f1839cc07030a08d0d73017de28f189951f38d6633c8/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: bill9459498.zip
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: W32.Auto:44ef5f29e4.in05.Talos

SHA 256: f9b8f7f285f811ee720cce7bccd98a421a26fb90dd7b022118d4b4e1f340036b
MD5: 0612402ad98c8c31cd6f2b914a419039
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/f9b8f7f285f811ee720cce7bccd98a421a26fb90dd7b022118d4b4e1f340036b/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: winutmb.exe
Claimed Product: (none)
Detection Name: W32.Malware:Pramro.19l0.1201

SHA 256: 22f530846e4c82946e00c82cd4f21e0010a5caf7bf4a774c26617dc4301d4cc5
MD5: 28c03f10eee7949d64189aa22db509fa
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/22f530846e4c82946e00c82cd4f21e0010a5caf7bf4a774c26617dc4301d4cc5/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: QQTipsForUpgrade_huskarhu201611281605.dll
Claimed Product: (unknown)
Detection Name: W32.Trojan.NM

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