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Newsletters: @RISK


@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

February 25, 2016
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 16, Num. 8

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/at-risk

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CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-02-16 - 2016-02-23
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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: Patches for buffer overflow flaw in glibc client-side DNS resolver rolling out

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TRAINING UPDATE

- --SANS 2016 | Orlando, Florida | March 12-21 | 43 courses, bonus evening presentations, solutions expo, extraordinary networking opportunities, 2 nights of NetWars, industry receptions, and more!
www.sans.org/u/dyL

- --SANS Northern Virginia - Reston | April 4-9 | 9 courses including the NEW, Network Penetration Testing and Ethical Hacking & Cyber Threat Intelligence course
www.sans.org/u/dza

- --SANS Atlanta | April 4-9 | 6 courses including the new Network Penetration Testing and Ethical Hacking course
www.sans.org/u/dz5

- --Threat Hunting & Incident Response Summit & Training | New Orleans, LA | April 12-19, 2016 | Will you be the hunter or the prey? Two days of Summit talks and 6 courses; including the new FOR578 Cyber Threat Intelligence course.
http://www.sans.org/u/dgR

- --SANS Pen Test Austin | April 18-23 | 7 courses | 3 nights of NetWars | Coin-A-Palooza | Special evening events including a Night of Hands-On Pen Testing of "Internet of Things" Devices
www.sans.org/u/dzp

- --SANS Security West | April 29-May 6 | 28 courses, bonus evening presentations, 2 nights of NetWars, multiple talks on Emerging Trends, networking opportunities and more!
www.sans.org/u/dzu

- - --Can't travel? SANS offers LIVE online instruction.
Day (Simulcast - http://www.sans.org/u/WK) and Evening (vLive - http://www.sans.org/u/WZ) courses available!

- -- Multi-week Live SANS training
Mentor -http://www.sans.org/u/X9
Contact mentor@sans.org

- -- Looking for training in your own community?
Community -http://www.sans.org/u/Xo

- -- SANS OnDemand lets you train anytime, anywhere with four months of online access to your course. Learn more: http://www.sans.org/u/XD

Plus Philadelphia, London, Singapore, Amsterdam, Prague, and Stockholm all in the next 90 days.

For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live:
http://www.sans.org/u/XN

********************** Sponsored Links: ********************

1) Free eBook Download: Data Breach Detection - What You Need to Know.
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2) Predicting Future Attacks and Breaches: Analytics in Action. Friday, February 26, 2016 at 11:00 AM EST (16:00:00 UTC) with Dave Shackleford and Christopher Smith.
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3) Don't Miss: A SecDevOps Playbook. Tuesday, March 08, 2016 at 1:00 PM EST (18:00:00 UTC) with Dave Shackleford and Amrit Williams.
http://www.sans.org/info/183565

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: Comodo Internet Security Found to Install and Expose a VNC Server
Description: Tavis Oramandy of Google Project Zero has identified and disclosed a security flaw within Comodo Internet Security suite. During installation of Comodo Internet Security, it's found that the default configuration will also install an application called "GeekBuddy" which contains a VNC server that is enabled by default. The password to the VNC has been found to be weakly generated which could allow an attacker to connect to a system where this application is installed and execute arbitrary commands on the targeted machine. Comodo has released a hotfix to address the flaw.
Reference: https://code.google.com/p/google-security-research/issues/detail?id=703

Title: Linux Mint Website Compromised, Found to Redirect Users to ISOs Containing Malware
Description: The Linux Mint Project has disclosed that over the weekend its website was compromised and redirected users who were looking to download a Linux Mint 17.3 Cinnamon ISO to one containing a backdoor. The Linux Mint Project has also disclosed that forums were also compromised and attackers potentially stole usernames, email addresses, encrypted copies of passwords, and other personal information that a user might have put into their forum profile. Note that users who download Linux Mint 17.3 Cinnamon via a direct HTTP link or via torrents are unaffected. Researchers have indicated that the compromised ISO contains malware identified as Tsunami. The Linux Mint website has been fixed and no longer point users to the malicious ISO.
Reference:
http://blog.linuxmint.com/?p=2994

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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

Apple CEO Tim Cook Opposes Court Order to Hack San Bernardino Shooter's Phone
https://threatpost.com/apples-cook-opposes-court-order-to-hack-san-bernardino-shooters-phone/116274/

Using EMET To Disable EMET
https://www.fireeye.com/blog/threat-research/2016/02/using_emet_to_disabl.html

Analysis of CVE-2016-0059 - Microsoft IE Information Disclosure Vulnerability
http://blog.fortinet.com/post/analysis-of-cve-2016-0059-microsoft-ie-information-disclosure-vulnerability-discovered-by-fortinet

A curated list of awesome Windows Exploitation resources
https://n0where.net/awesome-windows-exploitation-resources/

QAKBOT Resurges: Despite Takedowns, Online Banking Threats Persist
http://blog.trendmicro.com/trendlabs-security-intelligence/despite-arrests-and-takedowns-online-banking-threats-persist/?

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2016-1909
Title: SSH Backdoor for FortiGate OS Version 4.x up to 5.0.7
Vendor: Fortinet
Description: FortiOS 4.x before 4.3.17 and 5.0.x before 5.0.8 has a hardcoded passphrase for the Fortimanager_Access account, which allows remote attackers to obtain administrative access via an SSH session.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (HIGH) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-8651
Title: Adobe Flash Player Unspecified Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Integer overflow in Adobe Flash Player before 18.0.0.324 and 19.x and 20.x before 20.0.0.267 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.559 on Linux, Adobe AIR before 20.0.0.233, Adobe AIR SDK before 20.0.0.233, and Adobe AIR SDK & Compiler before 20.0.0.233 allows attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-7755
Title: Juniper ScreenOS Multiple Security Issues
Vendor: Juniper
Description: Juniper ScreenOS 6.2.0r15 through 6.2.0r18, 6.3.0r12 before 6.3.0r12b, 6.3.0r13 before 6.3.0r13b, 6.3.0r14 before 6.3.0r14b, 6.3.0r15 before 6.3.0r15b, 6.3.0r16 before 6.3.0r16b, 6.3.0r17 before 6.3.0r17b, 6.3.0r18 before 6.3.0r18b, 6.3.0r19 before 6.3.0r19b, and 6.3.0r20 before 6.3.0r21 allows remote attackers to obtain administrative access by entering an unspecified password during a (1) SSH or (2) TELNET session.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (HIGH) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-6132
Title: Microsoft Windows Library Loading Input Validation Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, Windows RT Gold and 8.1, and Windows 10 Gold and 1511 mishandle library loading, which allows local users to gain privileges via a crafted application, aka "Windows Library Loading Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.2 (AV:L/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-4114
Title: Microsoft Windows OLE - Remote Code Execution "Sandworm" Exploit (MS14-060)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, and Windows RT Gold and 8.1 allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted OLE object in an Office document, as exploited in the wild with a "Sandworm" attack in June through October 2014, aka "Windows OLE Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-7645
Title: Adobe Flash Player Code Execution Vulnerability (APSB15-27)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Adobe Flash Player 18.x through 18.0.0.252 and 19.x through 19.0.0.207 on Windows and OS X and 11.x through 11.2.202.535 on Linux allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted SWF file, as exploited in the wild in October 2015.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-2509
Title: Microsoft Windows Media Center MCL Vulnerability (MS15-100)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: Windows Media Center in Microsoft Windows Vista SP2, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, and Windows 8.1 allows user-assisted remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted Media Center link (mcl) file, aka "Windows Media Center RCE Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2014-6332
Title: Microsoft Windows OLE Automation Array Memory Corruption Code
Execution Vulnerability (MS14-064)
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: OleAut32.dll in OLE in Microsoft Windows Server 2003 SP2, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 SP2 and R2 SP1, Windows 7 SP1, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 Gold and R2, and Windows RT Gold and 8.1 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via a crafted web site, as demonstrated by an array-redimensioning attempt that triggers improper handling of a size value in the SafeArrayDimen function, aka "Windows OLE Automation Array Remote Code Execution Vulnerability."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-02-16 - 2016-02-23:
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: 3B17689A486D68813C31BF2BA610BF36F4B1F5B0403B0316C9833348845306FC
MD5: 37ee9a5257102d876cfae15bccfbbf78
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/3B17689A486D68813C31BF2BA610BF36F4B1F5B0403B0316C9833348845306FC/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: WebSocketServerApp
Claimed Product: WebSocketServerApp
Detection Name: W32.Auto.3b1768.182243.in01

SHA 256: CAD3D318A665D3186378A92974E971D763BE8F47EC3CAD23C09A16782C5D50A1
MD5: aa0274b4d13dc0bc46995f9f7c4b7437
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/CAD3D318A665D3186378A92974E971D763BE8F47EC3CAD23C09A16782C5D50A1/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: application.htm
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: OSX.Variant:GenieoAQ.18k0.1201

SHA 256: AC59FB59BBD17C0DBED4A9B2AD12865E8A6C2E77EC88A6F426F8BE676C650CBC
MD5: 5e19f560eaac49ec518f8a8f1e644275
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/AC59FB59BBD17C0DBED4A9B2AD12865E8A6C2E77EC88A6F426F8BE676C650CBC/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: UpdatePlatform.exe
Claimed Product: Update Platform Application
Detection Name: W32.AC59FB59BB-100.SBX.VIOC

SHA 256: 3C1CBEB2A8162D01AA12DFACFF7AB3DC01CF22B7225B466D588923DE2E992898
MD5: 596c8a11b03c2ef9d890f85c631ba5e8
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/3C1CBEB2A8162D01AA12DFACFF7AB3DC01CF22B7225B466D588923DE2E992898/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: ads.php.swf
Claimed Product: N/A
Detection Name: SWF.Exploit.Kit.tht.Talos

SHA 256:56CCB8B34246A278CB2A6BA4396C88D58C587BB37894D048AB9943DB8F8B8532
MD5: c56c5a9510d0c36bbfe871abd4be5403
VirusTotal:
https://www.virustotal.com/file/56CCB8B34246A278CB2A6BA4396C88D58C587BB37894D048AB9943DB8F8B8532/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: XLGameBox_0.0.0.0.exe
Claimed Product: "??????????"
Detection Name: W32.56CCB8B342.Ramnit.tht.Talos

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