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Newsletters: @RISK


@RISK provides a reliable weekly summary of (1) newly discovered attack vectors, (2) vulnerabilities with active new exploits, (3) insightful explanations of how recent attacks worked, and other valuable data

A key purpose of the @RISK is to provide the data that will ensure that the 20 Critical Controls (the US and UK benchmark for effective protection of networked systems) continue to be the most effective defenses for all known attack vectors. But since it is also valuable for security practitioners, SANS is making it available to the 145,000 security practitioners who have completed SANS security training and others at their organizations who hope to stay current with the offensive methods in use.

January 5, 2017
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@RISK: The Consensus Security Vulnerability Alert

Vol. 17, Num. 01

Providing a reliable, weekly summary of newly discovered attack vectors, vulnerabilities with active exploits, and explanations of how recent attacks worked

Archived issues may be found at http://www.sans.org/newsletters/at-risk =============================================================

CONTENTS:

NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY
VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-12-27 - 2017-01-03

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TOP VULNERABILITY THIS WEEK: PHPMailer and SwiftMailer Updated to Resolve Code Execution Flaw After First Patch Deemed Insufficient

******************** Sponsored By Skycure ********************

2016 was a fully-packed year for mobile security, with the first major public exposure of sophisticated state-sponsored cyber espionage, and the evolution of mobile spyware technology for corporate espionage. Get the post-mortem on the top mobile threats from 2016 and learn about mobile security predictions for 2017. Register for live webinar: http://www.sans.org/info/191252

============================================================ TRAINING UPDATE

--SANS Brussels Winter 2017 | January 16-21, 2017 | Brussels, Belgium | Choose from five courses, all led by a SANS Instructor and each with an associated GIAC certification. Training takes pace in the Radisson Blu Royal, situated close to Brussels' De Brouckere metro station.
http://www.sans.org/u/n2K

--Cloud Security Summit & Training | San Francisco, CA | Jan 17-19, 2017 |
Two days of in-depth presentations addressing key challenges to security in the cloud. Following the summit, attend the new DEV534: Secure DevOps course.
http://www.sans.org/u/mGE

--SANS Las Vegas 2017 | January 23-30, 2017 | Las Vegas, NV |
Nine training courses in IT Security, Windows forensics, security management and ethical hacking. Plus multiple bonus evening talks.
http://www.sans.org/u/lqU

--Cyber Threat Intelligence Summit & Training | Arlington, VA | Jan 25-Feb 1, 2017 |
Two days of in-depth threat intelligence presentations, Six DFIR courses, two nights of DFIR NetWars, a Summit evening networking reception, and SANS@Night talks!
http://www.sans.org/u/mGu

--SANS Southern California - Anaheim 2017 | February 6-11, 2017 | Anaheim, CA |
Choose from eight proven, cutting-edge courses presented by SANS top-rated instructors and take advantage of multiple bonus evening talks.
http://www.sans.org/u/mao

--SANS Munich Winter 2017 | February 13-18, 2017 | Munich, Germany | The Munich Marriott on Berliner Strasse hosts five SANS courses, all with an associated GIAC certification. Additional SANS@Night talks and social functions ensure attendees receive an enhanced learning experience.
http://www.sans.org/u/nF8

--SANS Secure Japan 2017 | February 13-25, 2017 | Tokyo, Japan |
http://www.sans.org/u/lJi

--SANS Secure Singapore 2017 | March 13-25, 2017 | Singapore, Singapore |
http://www.sans.org/u/mFV

--SANS Pen Test Austin 2017 | March 27-April 1 | 9 courses | 3 nights of the popular InfoSec Challenge: SANS NetWars Experience | 1 night of exciting CyberCity missions | Earn up to 5 of the SANS Pen Test Challenge Coins at Coin-A-Palooza.
http://www.sans.org/u/orG

-- Can't travel? SANS offers LIVE online instruction. Day (Simulcast - http://www.sans.org/u/WK) and Evening (vLive - http://www.sans.org/u/WZ) courses available!

-- Multi-week Live SANS training
Mentor - http://www.sans.org/u/X9 Contact - mentor@sans.org

-- Looking for training in your own community?
Community - http://www.sans.org/u/Xo

-- SANS OnDemand lets you train anytime, anywhere with four months of online access to your course. Learn more: Plus Bangalore, Oslo, Tokyo, Munich, and San Diego all in the next 90 days.
For a list of all upcoming events, on-line and live: http://www.sans.org/u/XN

********************** Sponsored Links: ********************

1) Don't Miss: "Using Cisco Stealthwatch to Increase Security By Enhancing Critical Security Control Performance" Register: http://www.sans.org/info/191247

2) Learn about the elements of a secure SDLC and why baking in proactive security controls early in the lifecycle is critical. Register: http://www.sans.org/info/191242

3) Looking for a solution to your security issue? Visit the SANS Affiliate Directory for a list of vendors who may be able to help! http://www.sans.org/info/191257

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NOTABLE RECENT SECURITY ISSUES
SELECTED BY THE TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

Title: PHPMailer and SwiftMailer Updated to Resolve Code Execution Flaw After First Patch Deemed Insufficient
Description: PHPMailer and SwiftMailer have released updates to address a vulnerability that was identified by Dawid Golunski of Legal Hackers. PHPMailer and SwiftMailer had released an update to address CVE-2016-10033, a arbitrary code execution vulnerability that could be exploited remotely. However, it was found that the patch was insufficient. In response, PHPMailer and Swiftmailer released another update to address CVE-2016-10045. Administrators who manage servers or applications that relied on these libraries should update their systems.
Reference: https://legalhackers.com/advisories/PHPMailer-Exploit-Remote-Code-Exec-CVE-2016-10045-Vuln-Patch-Bypass.html

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INTERESTING NEWS FROM AROUND THE SECURITY COMMUNITY

33c3 Videoes Available Online
https://media.ccc.de/c/33c3

Truffle Hog: A tool to search Git commit history to find high-entropy strings (accidentally committed secrets/passwords)
https://github.com/dxa4481/truffleHog

FBI-DHS Report Links Fancy Bear Gang to Election Hacks
https://threatpost.com/fbi-dhs-report-links-fancy-bear-to-election-hacks/122802/

Switcher: Android joins the 'attack-the-router' club
https://securelist.com/blog/mobile/76969/switcher-android-joins-the-attack-the-router-club/

Updated Sundown Exploit Kit Uses Steganography
http://blog.trendmicro.com/trendlabs-security-intelligence/updated-sundown-exploit-kit-uses-steganography/

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RECENT VULNERABILITIES FOR WHICH EXPLOITS ARE AVAILABLE
COMPILED BY THE QUALYS VULNERABILITY RESEARCH TEAM

This is a list of recent vulnerabilities for which exploits are available. System administrators can use this list to help in prioritization of their remediation activities. The Qualys Vulnerability Research Team compiles this information based on various exploit frameworks, exploit databases, exploit kits and monitoring of internet activity.

ID: CVE-2016-7892
Title: Adobe Flash Player Use-After-Free Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Remote exploitation of a use-after-free vulnerability in Adobe's Flash Player could allow attackers to execute arbitrary code. Adobe is aware of a report that an exploit for CVE-2016-7892 exists in the wild, and is being used in limited targeted attacks.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-5195
Title: Linux Kernel "MAP_PRIVATE COW" Privilege Escalation Vulnerability
Vendor: Kernel.Org
Description: A race condition vulnerability has been identified in the Linux Kernel. The Linux Kernel's memory subsystem does not properly handle copy-on-write(COW) breakage of private read-only memory mappings. The vulnerability has been identified as "Dirty Cow."
CVSS v2 Base Score: 6.6 (AV:L/AC:M/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-0752
Title: Ruby on Rails Input Validation Remote Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: rubyonrails.org
Description: Directory traversal vulnerability in Action View in Ruby on Rails before 3.2.22.1, 4.0.x and 4.1.x before 4.1.14.1, 4.2.x before 4.2.5.1, and 5.x before 5.0.0.beta1.1 allows remote attackers to read arbitrary files by leveraging an application's unrestricted use of the render method and providing a .. (dot dot) in a pathname.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N)

ID: CVE-2016-6366
Title: Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance SNMP Buffer Overflow Code Execution Vulnerability
Vendor: Cisco
Description: Buffer overflow in Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA) Software through 9.4.2.3 on ASA 5500, ASA 5500-X, ASA Services Module, ASA 1000V, ASAv, Firepower 9300 ASA Security Module, PIX, and FWSM devices allows remote authenticated users to execute arbitrary code via crafted IPv4 SNMP packets, aka Bug ID CSCva92151 or EXTRABACON.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 8.5 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:S/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2015-2866
Title: Grandsteam GXV3611_HD camera SQL injection Vulnerability
Vendor: Grandstream Networks
Description: SQL injection vulnerability on the Grandstream GXV3611_HD camera with firmware before 1.0.3.9 beta allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary SQL commands by attempting to establish a TELNET session with a crafted username.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.5 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P)

ID: CVE-2016-1017
Title: Adobe Flash Player "AS2 LoadVars" Use-after-free Code Execution Vulnerability (APSA16-10)
Vendor: Adobe
Description: Use-after-free vulnerability in the LoadVars.decode function in Adobe Flash Player before 18.0.0.343 and 19.x through 21.x before 21.0.0.213 on Windows and OS X and before 11.2.202.616 on Linux allows attackers to execute arbitrary code via unspecified vectors, a different vulnerability than CVE-2016-1011, CVE-2016-1013, CVE-2016-1016, and CVE-2016-1031.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 9.3 (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-0189
Title: Microsoft Internet Explorer Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability
Vendor: Microsoft
Description: The Microsoft (1) JScript 5.8 and (2) VBScript 5.7 and 5.8 engines, as used in Internet Explorer 9 through 11 and other products, allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (memory corruption) via a crafted web site, aka "Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability," a different vulnerability than CVE-2016-0187.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.6 (AV:N/AC:H/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

ID: CVE-2016-1287
Title: Cisco ASA Software IKEv1 and IKEv2 Buffer Overflow Vulnerability
Vendor: Cisco
Description: Buffer overflow in the IKEv1 and IKEv2 implementations in Cisco ASA Software before 8.4(7.30), 8.7 before 8.7(1.18), 9.0 before 9.0(4.38), 9.1 before 9.1(7), 9.2 before 9.2(4.5), 9.3 before 9.3(3.7), 9.4 before 9.4(2.4), and 9.5 before 9.5(2.2) on ASA 5500 devices, ASA 5500-X devices, ASA Services Module for Cisco Catalyst 6500 and Cisco 7600 devices, ASA 1000V devices, Adaptive Security Virtual Appliance (aka ASAv), Firepower 9300 ASA Security Module, and ISA 3000 devices allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (device reload) via crafted UDP packets, aka Bug IDs CSCux29978 and CSCux42019.
CVSS v2 Base Score: 10.0 (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)

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MOST PREVALENT MALWARE FILES 2016-12-27 - 2017-01-03:
COMPILED BY TALOS SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH GROUP

SHA 256: ae7327f36a659d01a85d4071a4570458ec03a05a6ce7d2f6d092fb46aff3e739
MD5: fa1f769475516b03881602d0824cae12
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/ae7327f36a659d01a85d4071a4570458ec03a05a6ce7d2f6d092fb46aff3e739/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: PrinterInstallerClientUpdater.exe
Claimed Product: Printer Client Updater
Detection Name: W32.AE7327F36A-95.SBX.TG

SHA 256: f9b8f7f285f811ee720cce7bccd98a421a26fb90dd7b022118d4b4e1f340036b
MD5: 0612402ad98c8c31cd6f2b914a419039
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/f9b8f7f285f811ee720cce7bccd98a421a26fb90dd7b022118d4b4e1f340036b/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: gcub.exe
Claimed Product: (none)
Detection Name: W32.Malware:Pramro.19l0.1201

SHA 256: 76bfca49c7953827efac0936923ed5dd016c14962292045a99f7f2b21878d3a6
MD5: 647a0cfb3b7d0f3dc617f7c05cd64562
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/76bfca49c7953827efac0936923ed5dd016c14962292045a99f7f2b21878d3a6/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: mfon.zip
Claimed Product: Mac File Opener
Detection Name: W32.Trojan.NM

SHA 256: 8897f94710f3ca65af0e52f6e2b76e6319dd5fb0dd6ad0968f8acc0d25ee783a
MD5: cc9e1075db0645f1032f8c4b4412deba
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/8897f94710f3ca65af0e52f6e2b76e6319dd5fb0dd6ad0968f8acc0d25ee783a/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: winwfta.exe
Claimed Product: (none)
Detection Name: W32.8897F94710-95.SBX.TG

SHA 256: bcffda040c93b743bca1a67128ec1f60595dc0b14655afd7949b6c779e0e997f
MD5: 2dbf779808d2ec3f5121891be9f4b1cf
VirusTotal: https://www.virustotal.com/file/bcffda040c93b743bca1a67128ec1f60595dc0b14655afd7949b6c779e0e997f/analysis/#additional-info
Typical Filename: helperamc
Claimed Product: Advanced Mac Cleaner
Detection Name: OSX.Variant:AMCZ.19if.1201

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